Thetis gives her son Achilles his weapons newly forged by Hephaestus, detail of an Attic black-figure hydria, ca. 575 BC–550 BC.Dimensions Diam. 26.5 cm (10 ¼ in.)
Credit line Campana Collection, 1861
Accession number E 869 Department of Greek, Etruscan and Roman Antiquities, Sully wing, Campana Gallery , Louvre Paris     Photographer Jastrow (2006)

On this hydria Thetis and the Nereides are depicted wearing Thracian garb, and a special scarf seen also wore by Dacian women on the Trajan’s Column in Rome, over 700 years later.

“The man is, before anything else, the woman’s son”. (Vasile Parvan)

Dacia was not only composed of fierce warriors who amazed the ancient world with their faith and courage, but also the feminine half who bore the absence of the men in battle with strength and patience.

            If  historical sources for the Dacians are scarce, then those covering their women are practically non existent. Names are rarely mentioned. A rare exception is a coin discovered in Transylvania that has the name ‘ZINA’ (the lady?) written on it. She was possibly a queen or due to the date the wife of Burebista.  

             Despite the lack of written evidence, the role of women in Dacian society must have been important to judge by the carvings on Trajans column that illustrate women’s faces.

          For years Trajan had been celebrating his victory against the Dacians through various feasts,

important buildings, or through different art monuments. Of course the artists working at these monuments were  impressed not only by the Dacian men, but by their women too.


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